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World Standard of Chinese Medicine Undergraduate (Pre-CMD) Education

【Release time】:Jun,19th,2014    【Source】:WFCMS Secretariat

This present standard, comprising Essential Requirements for Institutions of Chinese Medicine Undergraduate (Pre-CMD) Education and Essential Requirements for Undergraduates (Pre-CMD) of Chinese Medicine, is to regulate Chinese medicine undergraduate education (pre-CMD) in various countries.
 
Annex A of the standard is normative.
The standard was proposed by and under the jurisdiction of the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies.
The standard was drafted by the Educational Instruction Committee of the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies in collaboration with the following institutions:
 
The People’s Republic of China:
Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Shanghai University of TCM, Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Chengdu University of TCM, Heilongjiang University of Chinese Medicine, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Changchun University of Chinese Medicine, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, School of Chinese Medicine Hong Kong Baptist University
The United States of America: AmericanCollege of Traditional Chinese Medicine, AmericanCollege of Acupuncture & Oriental Medicine
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland:
Chinese Medical Institute & Register
The Kingdom of Netherlands: Shenzhou Open University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
The SocialistRepublic of Viet Nam: VietnamAcademy of Traditional Pharmacy Medicine
The Commonwealth of Australia: Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology
Canada: OntarioCollege of Traditional Chinese Medicine
The Republic of France: Université Paris Nord, Paris 13
Chief authors:
The People’s Republic of China:
Zhang Boli, Li Zhenji, Gao Sihua, Xie Jianqun, Xu Zhiwei, Wu Mianhua, Hong Jing, Feng Xuerui, Liu Yueguang, Zhai Shuangqing, Hu Hongyi, Wang Hongqi, Zhang Bingli, Wang Jianjun
The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China: Liu Liang
The United States of America: Huang Lixin, Liang Shenping
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland: Man Fong Mei
The Kingdom of Netherlands: DONG, Zhi Lin
The SocialistRepublic of Viet Nam: Truong Viet Binh
Co-authors:
The People’s Republic of China:
He Xingdong, Jiang Zaizeng, Liu Baoli, Shi Pengjian, Wang Qiming, Zhao Lingshan, Cao Hongxin, Kuang Haixue, You Zhaoling, Xiao Luwei, Liang Fanrong, Zhou Guitong, Jiang Feng, Huang Jianyin, Xu Chunbo, Wang Kui, Zhu Xiaolei, Zhang Xiangyong, Guan Tao, Li Hebai
The Commonwealth of Australia: Charlie Changli Xue
The Republic of France: Zhu Miansheng
Canada: Wu Binjiang
The Republic of Italy: He Shuhuai
Malaysia: LIM Liang Yu
The Republic of Ireland: Bernadette Ward
The Russian Federation: Vladimir G. Nachatoy
Introduction
 
As it is speeding up the pace to go global, Chinese medicine is growing into one discipline that attracts interest from the international community. Nowadays, there are hundreds of educational institutions worldwide which teach Chinese medicine and provide initial conditions and base for the international cooperation on Chinese medicine education.
Modern higher education on Chinese medicine began in China in the mid 1950s. During its first half- century development, it has gained rich experience in school administration to become the main media for TCM education, playing such a key role in the inheritance of Chinese medicine.
However, TCM education is not developing in a balanced way across countries, a consequence of differences between cultures, life styles, ideas of disease prevention and treatment, health and medical systems, but also wide disparity in teaching objectives, teaching facility, academic curriculums, clinical teaching, assessment criteria, administration, quality of undergraduates, etc. Therefore, it is a consensus shared by professionals of TCM education from various countries to formulate Essential Requirements for Institutions of Chinese Medicine Undergraduate (Pre-CMD) Education and Essential Requirements for Undergraduates (Pre-CMD) of Chinese Medicine.
Essential Requirements for Institutions of Chinese Medicine Undergraduate (Pre-CMD) Education stipulate basic qualifications of market access for TCM educational institutions, and shall be observed in line with relevant educational regulations issued by local authorities.
Essential Requirements for Undergraduates (Pre-CMD) of Chinese Medicine stipulate basic knowledge and qualifications for graduates of TCM education in various countries. Although their educational plans may differ, the core of TCM education that is addressed through these requirements shall be met.
In order for healthy and orderly development of TCM education throughout the world, the Educational Instruction Committee of WFCMS drafted World Standard of Chinese Medicine Undergraduate (Pre-CMD) Education (SCM0003-2009, hereinafter referred to as the standard) according to the Constitution of the World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies. With reference to Global Minimum Essential Requirements in Medical Education (GMER) promulgated by Institute for International Medical Education (IIME), WHO’s Guide to Quality Guarantee of Undergraduate Medical Education in Western Pacific Region (GUMEWPR) promulgated by West Pacific Region Office of WHO, the standard fully examines actual TCM educational conditions in various countries (regions), as well as applicability to global markets of Chinese medicine and conformity to local laws and regulations.
The goal of the standard: in line with rules regarding higher education and medical education, and characteristics of TCM education, the Essential Requirements for Institutions of Chinese Medicine Undergraduate (Pre-CMD) Education and Essential Requirements for Undergraduates (Pre-CMD) of Chinese Medicine shall be implemented with the aim to facilitate healthy development of TCM education, and provide basis for establishment of accreditation and certification systems in the future.
1 Scope
The standard prescribes Essential Requirements for Institutions of Chinese Medicine Undergraduate (Pre-CMD) Education and Essential Requirements for Undergraduates (Pre-CMD) of Chinese Medicine.
The standard is applicable to higher educational institutions of various countries that are engaged in training of doctors of Chinese medicine.
2 Terms and definitions
Chinese medicine: A comprehensive discipline dealing with health, rules of disease transition and its prevention, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and health preserving, which are based on theories of traditional Chinese medicine and experience of medical practice.
Undergraduate program: the integral part of a university or a college (distinguished from preparatory department, correspondence department, etc.)
CMD: acronym for Chinese Medicine Doctor
3 Essential Requirements for Institutions of Chinese Medicine Undergraduate (Pre-CMD) Education
3.1 Purposes and objectives
3.1.1 Connotations of purposes and objectives
TCM educational institutions shall define educational purposes and objectives, including orientation, educational ideas, training objectives, quality criteria, development program, etc.
3.1.2 Determination of purposes and objectives
Purpose and Objectives of TCM educational institutions shall be determined through deliberate discussion by all parties concerned, approved by local educational and health authorities, and made well informed among faculty and students.
3.1.3 Academic autonomy
TCM educational institution and TCM department (faculty) under comprehensive universities are encouraged to determine educational objectives and implementary schemes of its own to suit respective development program.
3.1.4 Interdisciplinary impact
TCM educational institutions and TCM departments (faculty) under comprehensive universities are entitled to academic supports from social studies and natural science. TCM education is integrated with various other disciplines by intercrossing and infiltrating influences by one another.
3.1.5 Educational outcome
TCM educational institutions shall establish and implement relevant educational objectives programs. In carrying out those programs and performing assessment on students, students are evaluated against completion of studies within valid period of schooling.
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Department of Sci-tech and Standardization
World Federation of Chinese Medicine Societies
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